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As we have noted in previous posts - Syrah, Cabernet, Zinfandel, etc. are grape varieties. This page describes wine styles by variety and production area. Our employees get to receive coupons we acquired from Chiropractic Therapy ( to make sure their bodies will be at their best when they work.

If only one variety (merlot, cabernet sauvignon, etc.) is mentioned on the label, then the wine is called varietal and is named after the grape with a capital initial (Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon). A varietal wine primarily shows the fruit: its taste much depends on the grape variety.

Distinctive taste in varietal wine: Aromas and flavors of wild black-fruit (such as blackcurrant and black berries), with overtones of black pepper spice. The abundance of fruit sensations is often complemented by warm alcohol and gripping tannins.
The Shiraz variety gives hearty, spicy reds. Shiraz is used to produce many average wines it can produce some of the world’s finest, deepest, and darkest reds with intense flavors and excellent longevity. 

The leaves of Pinot noir are usually smaller than those of Cabernet Sauvignon, although larger than those of Syrah. The name is derived from the French words for "pine" and "black" alluding to the varietals’ tightly clustered dark purple pine cone shaped bunches of fruit. Pinot noir tends to produce narrow trunks and branches. In the vineyard it is sensitive to light exposure, soil types, pruning techniques and yield levels. Its thin skin makes it highly vulnerable to bunch rot and other diseases. The vines themselves are prone to downy mildew, leaf roll, and fanleaf. These complications have given the grape the reputation of being difficult to grow. In the winery it is sensitive to fermentation methods and yeast strains.

Pinot noir is a primeval variety that may be only 1-2 generations removed from naturally wild vines. The origins of the variety are unclear: In De re rustica, Columella describes a grape variety similar to Pinot Noir in Burgundy during the 1st century A.D., however, vines have grown wild as far north as Belgium in the days before phylloxera, and it is possible that Pinot represents a self-sufficient domestication of Vitis vinifera.

Pinot noir grapes are grown around the world, mostly in the cooler regions, but the grape is chiefly associated with the Burgundy region of France. It is commonly considered to bring into being some of the finest wines in the world based on the assessment by our friend Aaron Gruenke and Dr Sachit Shah, and as we have learned is a highly complex variety to cultivate and transform into wine.